Reforming city life from the bottom up

Brazil

1 March 2019

What do the following have in common: a group of civil society organisations fighting for improved and accessible public transportation; a web of movements engaged in promoting political innovation; and a network of activists working to make urban planning processes more participatory?

The answer is that each reveals, in its own way, that the most promising road to more democratic cities is collective and connected. That’s why building strong networks is key to promoting positive social change. “Our partners show how collaboration and connectedness are present – indeed at the heart – of Oak’s Brazil Programme,” says Ana Alfinito, Brazil’s programme officer.

Citizen security

In Recife and beyond, civil society organisations have been working to improve security in city centres. Their efforts have been directed at: protecting women, youth and children from violence and exploitation; building public campaigns to give a voice to misrepresented communities; and developing strategies to reform the police and criminal justice systems.

Mobility

Several organisations have come together to promote a people-centred vision of transport and to develop projects that ensure citizen participation during the policy-making process.

One of these organisations, the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP) met with women and children from the peripheries of Recife to find out what they think about public transportation. The women responded that high costs of transport and fear of violence hindered their mobility and access to the city. The ITDP will use this information to inform policymaking oriented towards a truly accessible mobility system.

“By participating in local civil society networks, ITDP aims to strengthen participation in the development of urban policies.”

– Leticia Bortolon, coordinator of ITDP’s work in Recife.

In addition, a group of civil society organisations, including Centro Popular de Direitos Humanos, Escola de Ativismo, Instituto de Energia e Meio Ambiente, Meu Recife and Ameciclo came together to discuss the cost of public transportation in the Metropolitan Region of Recife, which was considered too high.

Their hope was that public transport systems would be managed in a way that respects the rights of the population. They were able to prove that bus fares had been illegally increased in previous years. By bringing it to public attention, they raised awareness of the need for increased transparency and citizen voice in the public transport system.

Quality of urban space

In Recife, many organisations and movements have been working to support community-led development endeavours. Together they help build community capacity to stand strong against developers and negotiate with the government and large corporations.

To this end, the Fundo Socioambiental Casa supports more than 100 groups, collectives and movements that are developing socio-environmentally friendly ways of solving urban problems in seven Brazilian metropolitan regions.

“We believe that it is only through networks that we can strengthen the work of organisations”

– Cristina Orfeo from Fundo Socioambiental Casa.

Citizen participation

Security, mobility and urban space for all can only be ensured if the voices of everyone are heard within the public sphere and integrated in policy-making processes. A number of organisations have been engaged in expanding citizen participation. They do this by:

  • ensuring that society has access to public information;
  • producing high-quality media that give critical analysis of public events and debates; and
  • ensuring that civil society can investigate and negotiate policy options in institutional settings.

Independent media has played an especially important role in this context. Marco Zero Conteúdo, a local independent media organisation, produces original media content to highlight issues relating to the right to the city. It has been conducting fact-checking and investigative journalism to inform policy debates and strengthen the demands and struggles of civil society.

Based in São Paulo, Instituto Update brought together activists seeking to reinvent institutional politics. Thanks to its work, five women in Recife, known as Juntas, were voted into the State Assembly in a collective mandate. They represent fairer, more inclusive and democratic cities across the country.

Mobilising in turbulent times

Brazil is undergoing a period of intense political polarisation. Therefore it is particularly important to build networks based on trust, collaboration and a common vision. Perhaps never before has it been more crucial to nourish spaces where likeminded people can come together safely to share experiences and find ways to act in concert.

In mid-2018, a network of more than 30 collectives and organisations including Fase, Associação Comunitária Caranguejo Uçá, Centro Popular de Direitos Humanos, Cendhec and ActionAid Brasil came together under the name Articulação Recife de Luta.

Their goal? To participate in the development of Recife’s Urban Master Plan, the single most important law directing urban development. This bill will lay down urban planning in Recife for the next ten years. Ensuring participation in the planning process is the only way to construct a fairer, more inclusive city.

This work falls under Oak Foundation’s Brazil Programme strategy which aims to:

  • improve citizens’ safety in both public and private spheres;
  • protect space quality, especially for vulnerable communities;
  • improve mobility for all; and
  • promote citizen participation.

Photos: Paulo Shinji / Oak Foundation

Source: Oak Foundation Annual Report 2018

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